The History Of Sheikh Sharafuddeen Bu Ali Qalandar
Panipati Hazrat Sheikh
Hazrat Bu-Ali Shah Qalandar PANIPAT, Dargah of Bu Ali Shah Qalandar PANIPAT,
Sharafuddeen Bu Ali Qalandar Panipati (1209-1324 CE), born at Ganja,
Azerbaijan) was a Sufi saint who lived in India. His mausoleum in
the town of Panipat is a place of pilgrimage.
One account says he was born in early 1400 in Panipat, India.
However an epitaph on his tomb in Persian gives his birthplace as
Ganja in present-day Azerbaijan. It traces his descent from Imam e
Aazam Nauman Ibn Thaabit Abu Hanifa.
The dargah (mausoleum or shrine), mosque and enclosure at the
Qalandar Chowk in Panipat were constructed by Mahabat Khan a Mughal
General in service of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir. Mahabat Khan's
own tomb in red sandstone is adjacent to the saint's mausoleum. The
tombs of Hakim Mukaram Khan and the Urdu poet Maulana Altaf Hussain
Hali are also located within the enclosure.
The left wall of the mausoleum has a qasida (panegyric) embossed and
painted in blue and gold, written by Zahuri Neishabouri who visited
India during the reign of Akbar.
A large number of people from all walks of life - Hindus, Muslims,
Sikhs and Christians - visit the tomb and offer prayers there each
Various legends exist about the saint. One legend says after the
ibadah (act of obedience and submission) of 36 years standing in the
water in Karnal he was awarded the status of "Bu Ali" (Fragrance of
Ali) by Muhammad. After achieving this Rutba (rank) he was visited
by many other Sufi saints. An alternative legend to explain his name
says that Muhammad appeared to him in a dream and offered him a
wish. The Qalandar asked for prophethood and was told that all
positions has been filled and Muhammad was the last one. He asked to
be Ali and was told that position was also filled. He then asked for
at least the fragrance of Ali and that wish was granted. A scholarly
view of his name is that Bu Ali is simply another form of Kuniyyat
Mulla Abdul Qadir Badayuni, Muntakhab-ut-Tawaareekh. English
translation by John William Greers. The Royal Asiatic Society
Sir Ghulam Yazdani, Epigraphia Indo-Islamica. Vol XIII.
Archaeological Survey of India. Institute of Archaeology, New
Dr. Shaikh Muhammad Ikram, Aab-e-kausar. Shaikh Ghulam Ali & Sons.
Shaikh Abdul Haq Muhaddis Dehlavi, Akhbaar-Ul-Akhiyaar. ( Urdu
translation by Professor Ghulam Rasool Mehr). Maktaba Usmania.
Important Dargahs of Chishty Sufis in Indian sub-continent :
1. Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishty, Ajmer Sharif.
2. Hazrat Khwaja Qutubuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki, Delhi (Mehroli).
3. Hazrat Baba Fariduddin Masood Ganj-e-Shakar, Pak Pattan Sharif,
4. Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya , Delhi.
5. Hazrat Alauddin Sabir Kalyari, Kalyar Distt. Rurki (Uttaranchal).
6. Hazrat Nasiruddin Chiragh, Delhi
7. Hazrat Gaisu Daraz Banda Nawaz, Gulbarga Sharif (karnataka)
6. Hazrat Amir Khusru, Delhi
9. Hazrat Sufi Hamiduddin Suwali, Nagaur (Rajasthan).
10. Hazrat Khwaja Fakhruddin Chishty, Sarwar Sharif, Ajmer.
11. Hazrat Hisamuddin Jigar Sokhta, Sanbhar Lake (Rajasthan).
12. Hazrat Jamaluddin Hanswi, Hansi (Hariyana).
13. Hazrat Jahangir Ashraf Samnani, Kachocha Sharif (U.P.).
14. Hazrat Waris Ali Shah Dewa Sharif (UP)
15. Hazrat Shah Sarang Machgaon, Bara Banki.
16. Hazrat Shah Meena, Lucknow (U.P.).
17. Hazrat Bu Ali Shah Kalander, Panipat (Hariyana).
18. Hazrat Shamsuddin Turk, Panipat (Hariyana).
19. Hazrat Jalaluddin Kabirul Auliya.
20. Hazrat Syed Abdur Razzaque Bansa Sharif, Bara Banki.
21. Hazrat Makhdoom Abdul Haque, Rudoli Sharif, Bara Banki.
22. Hazrat Abdul Quddus Gangohi, Gangoh (Saharanpur)
Chishti Sufi Stages of Love